Which Countries Were The Signatories In The Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916)

Vereté describes how an argument with the Ottoman Empire on Egypt`s eastern border ended in 1906, when the borders were redrawn along the Rafa-Aqaba line and subsequently fear of an attack on Egypt led to increased strategic importance from „the Sinai hinterland, the west and the eastern puck at least to the Acre Dar`a line“. [42] [43] Who was the third signatory to the agreement, whose name is now tacitly transmitted?a) Emir Faisal, future king of Iraq b) Ambassador of the United States, Henry Morgenthau c) Sergey Sazonov, russian Foreign Minister satisfactory, as it may be noted of his general acceptance of the relations proposed by France with Arabia, his reference to the future of these relations is a source of difficulties that will not ignore him. On more than one occasion, I have brought to the attention of Her Majesty`s Government the profound antipathy with which arabs look at the prospect of the French administration of an abrupt Arab territory. At this level, there is a considerable risk for our future relations with France, because it is difficult and even impossible to convince France of its mistake, if we do not try to do so by warning them against the real state of Arab sentiment, we can then be accused of fomenting or encouraging opposition to the French who will threaten and give for sure the Arabs. The aim was to compensate for the loss of military power in the Middle Eastern Theatre of the First World War, when Russian (tsarist) troops withdrew from the Caucasus campaign, although they were replaced by troops from the First Republic of Armenia. [39] It was clear to the Italians that the territory allocated to them might not be easily abandoned by the Turkish Empire, so the British Prime Minister proposed a vague formula for post-war adjustment if the actual post-war allocation did not appear to be balanced. [40] The territory of Arab independence was defined as „in the north of Mersina and Adana limited up to 37 degrees latitude, on which the traps birijik, Urfa, Tuesday, Midiat, Jerizat (Ibn Uma), Amadia, up to the border of Persia; to the east, on the borders of Persia to the Gulf of Basra; to the south by the Indian Ocean, with the exception of Aden`s position, to remain as it is; west of the Red Sea, the Mediterranean to Nachmersina, with the exception of „parts of Syria“ located west of the „Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo districts“. Between the meetings with Hussein, Sykes had informed London that „the sooner the French military mission is withdrawn from Hedjaz, the better,“ and then Lord Bertie was ordered to ask the French for the same thing, because the mission is hostile to the Arab cause and that „the relations and policy of the Allies in the Hejaz can only harm and may even affect the whole future of French relations with the Arabs.“ After the French response, William Ormsby-Gore wrote on 31 May 1917 that on 30 October the Ottoman Empire had signed the Armistice of Mudros. On 2 November, the British occupied Vilayet Mosul,[79] which led to the territorial conflict known as Mosul.

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