The term „totalization“ defines the second objective of the agreement. The ultimate goal is for a worker`s social benefits, whether paid in Switzerland or abroad, to be added up (or added up) so that the worker can, if eligible, withdraw these funds from a single government. If individuals are required to contribute to social security programs outside their home country, they are entitled to receive these benefits if they meet certain specifications set by the host government. Applications should include the name and address of the employer in the United States and the other country, the full name, place and date of birth of the worker, nationality, U.S. and foreign Social Security numbers, location and date of employment, and the start and end date of the assignment abroad. (If the employee works for a foreign subsidiary of the U.S. company, the application should also indicate whether U.S. Social Security Insurance has been agreed upon for employees of the related company pursuant to Section 3121 (l) of the internal income code.) Self-employed workers should indicate their country of residence and the nature of their self-employment. When applying for certificates under the agreements with France and Japan, the employer (or non-employee) must also indicate whether the worker and accompanying family members are covered by health insurance. In cases where there is no totalization agreement between the two countries, additional costs may be incurred by the employer. This additional cost is as follows: agreements to coordinate social protection across national borders have been commonplace in Western Europe for decades.
This is followed by a list of the agreements reached by the United States and the effective date of each. Some of these agreements were then revised; The date indicated is the date on which the original agreement came into force. One of the general beliefs about the U.S. agreements is that they allow dual-coverage workers or their employers to choose the system to which they will contribute. That is not the case. The agreements also do not change the basic rules for covering the social security legislation of the participating countries, such as those that define covered income or work.